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Besançon France Bisanz antique woodcut Münster 1576
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Besançon France Bisanz antique woodcut Münster 1576



Besançon France (Bisanz) antique woodcut Münster.

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Besançon France Bisanz antique woodcut Münster 1576

Titel: Bisanz
Bisanz known by the Romans under the name Vesontio it was the base for Julius Caesar in his military operations in Gaul (58 BC). The Romans strengthened the trade relationships of Besancon with a number of major roads which joined the city with the most important centres of Gaul, so that the area of Besancon became the 'Provincia Maxima Sequanorum' ('the largest province of the Sequani'), a true metropolis.

In the early Middle Ages (355-363 A.D.) it suffered from numerous invasions by Germanic peoples, and especially the Visigoths and Burgundians. Towards the end of the ninth century, Besancon was part of the Kingdom of Burgundy, and bishop’s authority dominated the city until its conversion into a Municipality at the end of the thirteenth century. The period of Municipalities was a succession of conflicts by the city against the imperial authority.

With Louis XI (1423-1483) Besancon entered into the kingdom of France but it was later transferred to the Habsburgs. The city, under Charles V (1500-1558), met a moment of splendour under Antoine Perrenote de Granvelle (1517-1586), who embellished it with various monuments and palaces.

Besancon was taken back by France under Louis XIV (1638-1715), but soon passed to Spain under the Treaty of Aix-La-Chapelle). Meanwhile, Louis XIV had given to Vauban (1633-1707) the task of constructing a fortress at Besancon - a task which resumed after the town again returned to French hands. following the return of Besancon to the French Besancon became the capital of the County and the seat of the metropolitan Bishops of the East.

Author: Sebastian Munster a German writer, historicus, mapmaker, cartographer, cosmographer born in Ingelheim Germany.
Münster completed his studies at the Universität Tübingen in 1518 led by Johannes Stöffler.
Publisher: Heinrich Petri (1508-24.4.1579) Basel.
Working with his stepfather Sebastian Münster, Heinrich Peteri became one of the most important Hebraica and map printers of his time.


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Sheet app.: 17 x 14 inches. 43 x 36 cm.
Condition : View overall very good, fold as published, text Old German.